Article by Michael Byers, Mikiverse Spirit Editor-In-Chief
This extract is taken from a book I am reading entitled; “Math for Mystics” by Renna Shesso and it concerns the days of the week.
“First Day of the Week: Sunday
Dies solis (Latin), domingo (Spanish), dimanche (French), day of the Sun. The Sun is our most prominent planet,” the star that gives its name -Sol- to our solar system. It dominates our daytime hours, and its absence creates our night. Its larger motions regulate our seasons.
The Babylonians knew the Sun as Shamash. To the Sumerians, he was Uttu; to the Persians, Mithra and to the Egyptians, Ra or Re. To the Greeks, he was Hyperion (“dweller on high”) and later Helios. To the Romans, the Sun was Sol, or Apollo. These are all male identities. In the same way some of us habitually call every dog “he” and every cat “she,” many of us personify the Sun as masculine.
Plenty of civilisations have seen this differently. In early Egypt, Hathor was associated with the Sun: Her headdress was a bright red solar disk nestled between cow horns, an some texts call her the “eye of the Sun.” Hathor's main temple was in Dendera, a vast complex with rooms available for physicians who healed using trance and the hot springs sacred to Hathor. She was also the Lady of the West, where she disappeared each night, heating the waters of all the hot, sacred springs while out of sight below the Earth.
By various names Sul, Sulis, and Sulis Minerva, our closest star was also a goddess to the British; she ruled over hot springs and healing waters there too. If the connection to water seems surprising, consider that many of Britain's sacred springs have a high iron content, making the waters run red, like hot birth-waters flowing from Mother Earth Herself. If you've soaked in a natural hot spring-sacred sites wherever they are found, whatever colour their water-you know that even in winter on the grayest days, you emerge feeling reborn, as if internally sun-heated.
The Sun is female elsewhere as well. Saule -her Baltic name- is another Sun goddess, as is Solntse, the identity by which she is known to the Slavic peoples. To early Germans, she was Sunnu or Sunna -the origin of our word for this star- and each day started when she awoke and began spinning light. The Japanese call her her Amaterasu, and her round red face is still the symbol on their flag.
Because of the Sun's role as light-bringer, illumination is a Sunday theme in magical workings. That bright gleam can relate to the radiant glow of health, the sparkle of monetary wealth, or a leap into the spotlight. Small wonder that we've come to associate the Sun with success, vitality, and abundance. Since each new day begins with the Sun's reappearance at dawn, Sunday is also thematically associated with both new beginnings on entirely new endeavours, and with fresh starts and renewed energy for projects that may have stalled.
Topics appropriate to the Sun's day are also those concerning authority, fame, self-confidence, and courage. This could be the right time to focus on your leadership abilities, whether that means looking for them, refining or defining them, or putting them to use. Start new projects or reinvigorate old ones, appreciate or improve physical health, or answer ambition's call. Sunday is a prime time to do spells for career advancement and to call success or physical healing into your life.
Numbers: 1 (day of the week) and 6 (Square of the Sun)
Goddesses: Aditi (Hindu), Amaterasu (Japanese), Bast (Egyptian), Brigid (Celtic), Brunissen (Celtic), Eos (dawn, Greek), Grianne (Irish), Hathor (Egyptian), Igaehindvo (Cherokee), Malina (Pacific Rim Arctic), Nahar (ancient Syrian), Sekhmet (Egyptian), Shapash (Sumerian), Sul, Sulla, or Sullis (British), Sunna (Germanic), Syrya (Hindu), Suwa (Arabian), Ushas (dawn, Hindu), Wakahiru-me (rising, Japanese), the Yatudhanis (Hindus)
Gods: Amun-Ra (Egyptian), Apollo (Greco-Roman), Babbar (early Sumerian) Baldur (Scandanavian), Bochica (Columbian), Byelbog (Slavonic), Chango (African-Caribbean), Dharme (Hindu-Bengali) Dyaus (Hindu), Evua (Guinean), Helios (Greek), Hermakhis (rising or setting, Egyptian), Hiruku (Japanese), Huitzilopochtli (Aztec), Hun-Ahpu-Vuch (Guatemalan), Hyperion (early Greek), Inti (Incan), Kinich-Ahau (Mayan), Legba (Haitian voudoun), Lugh (Celtic), Mandulis (Nubian), Mao (Benin), Marduk (Babylonian), Maui (Polynesian), Melkart (Phoenician), Mithra (Persian), Mitra (Hindu), Orunjan (midday sun, Nigerian Yoruban), Paiva (Finno-Ugric), Perun (Slavonic), Punchau (Incan), Ra (Egyptian), Sabazius (Thracian/Phrygian), Shamash (Babylonian), Sol (Roman), Surya (Hindu), Tezcatlipoca (Aztec), Tlalchitonatiuh (afternoon sun, Aztec), Tonatiuh (Aztec), Torushompek (Brazillian Tupi-Guarani tribes), Upulero (Indonesian), Uttu (Sumerian), Vaseduva (early Hindu), Vishnu (Vedic Hindu)
Stones: Amber, carnelian, citrine, diamond, garnet, ruby, sunstne, tiger's eye, golden topaz
Herbs: Angelica, bay, chamomile, eyebright, frankincense, heliotrope, juniper, marigold, rosemary, rue, saffron, St. John's Wort, sunflower
Trees: Birch, broom, or wild acacia
Colours: Gold, orange, yellow, red
Astrological Sign: Leo
Mean distance from Earth: 92.96 million miles
Earth's time to orbit the Sun: 365.25 days“